29/10/2015 8386 views

Tackling the trade in conflict minerals!

Responsibility for companies bringing minerals into the EU

Resource wealth is for many people not a blessing but a curse. The extraction of raw materials contained in our consumer goods is often linked to human rights violations, and the financing of armed conflict.

In a huge step forward, members of the European Parliament voted on 20 May to help break the links between the minerals trade and violence. They voted for a strong and binding law that would require companies bringing gold, tantalum, tin and tungsten (3TG) into the EU — in any form — to source them responsibly. These raw materials are mined in the DRC, Central African Republic and Colombia, but also in other conflict and high-risk areas worldwide.

The chance to tackle the trade in conflict minerals

We have a unique opportunity: Right now, Member States are discussing their response to the Parliament’s proposal, and whether to support a strong law. All companies that import these four minerals into the EU — whether in their raw form or within products — should be required to respect human rights and source responsibly, in line with international standards.

European Member States have an obligation Member States will have to agree together on a common Council position and decide whether they want Member States to defend a strong and effective proposal. Respective ministries in the Member States are responsible for the positions of their country and will influence the decision to support a weak or strong regulation. Once Member States have agreed a common position, the European Parliament, European Commission and Council of the EU, will enter into trilogue negotiations in order to reach an agreement between the Commission’s business-friendly draft and the human rights-based parliamentary draft. The responsible Member State ministries have so far not supported a binding regulation for companies that bring these raw materials into the EU. Please ask all representatives to speak out on behalf of their country for a binding due diligence legislation that applies to any company.

2015-10-29 02.46.50 pm

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Regiunea Arequipa din sudul Perului este zguduită de luni de zile de proteste și demonstrații împotriva proiectului minier Tia Maria deținut deSouthern Copper Corporation. Guvernul peruan a declarat stare de urgență vineri, în provinciile Islay și Arequipa, după ce protestele împotriva proiectului minier Tia Maria au escaladat, iar unul din protestatari a murit. Regiunea Arequipa din sudul Peru a fost zguduită de proteste împotriva deschiderii minei de cupru Tia Maria timp de mai multe luni consecutive. Localnicii se tem că proiectul va duce la distrugerea naturii și va afecta iremediabil zonele agricole.

one-killed-at-protests-against-tia-maria-copper-project-in-peru.jpg_1718483346 2015-05-24 11.43.32 am

Șeful Cabinetului ministerial, Pedro Cateriano, a declarat reporterilor că dreptul la mobilizare, de liberă circulație și la întâlniri au fost suspendate timp de 60 de zile după ce atacurile poliției au dus la moartea unui protestatar, ridicând numărul morților la patru doar în ultimele două luni.

stare de urgenta peru

Proiectul minier, alături de multe altele în Peru, este susținut de guvernul președintelui peruan Ollanta Humala, care sprijină companiile miniere transnaționale, sub pretextul creșterii economice. De la începutul anului 2009, comunitățile locale au criticat propunerea de proiect minier, mai ales că resursele de apă ale zonei sunt limitate și consumul prevăzut de mină ar afecta în mod direct culturile și producția de orez și trestie de zahăr pe valea râului Tambo.

Începând cu luna mai 2013, Guvernul a emis patru seturi separate de legi care diminuează standardele de mediu și sociale în favoarea industriei extractive.

Guvernul a trimis mii de trupe de poliție și militare pentru a opri protestele, ceea ce a condus la ciocniri foarte violente și probabil va crește numărul deceselor în rândul civililor.

Southern Copper Corporation a ordonat suspendarea proiectului de 1,4 miliarde de dolari timp de 60 de zile, însă această suspendare temporară s-a dovedit insuficientă pentru demonstranți. Protestatarii sunt de neclintit în dorința lor ca proiectul să fie anulat; un rezultat respins categoric de către președintele Humala.

Acest conținut a fost publicat inițial de Telesur

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